What You Need To Know About Travel To South America

South America Travel Overview

From Patagonia in the south to Colombia and Venezuela in the north, South America offers travelers an entire continent to explore. Visitors traveling to South America can visit the massive mountains, amazing rainforests, and beautiful beaches. A trip to South America will expose travelers to various languages ​​and cultures from the New World to Europe to the ancient indigenous communities of South America.

South America is completely surrounded by water with the Pacific Ocean on the west coast and the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast and the Caribbean Sea from the north. Since all but two South American countries have coastal access, travelers to South America will see the impact of the sea on the cities and people who live in them.

When traveling to South America, don't forget to visit the following countries and attractions:


Chile Travel Overview

Chile:
Chile, a country rich in natural beauty, culture and natural heritage, is situated almost the entire length of the South American continent between the terrifying Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean.

The most amazing aspect of Chile is geography. Although the country extends more than 2,800 miles from north to south, making it the tallest country in the world, it is only 265 miles away at its largest point, from east to west. The country offers a magnificent landscape, ranging from a series of volcanoes in the Andes Mountains to freezing glaciers, waterfalls, entrances and islands.

Since the country has more than 30 degrees of latitude, it faces some exciting climate variations. The northern region has mild variations in climate and has little rainfall. The central Chile region is characterized by more pronounced seasonal changes with some precipitation in the winter months. The southern part, which extends to the famous Magellan Strait, is much cooler with more precipitation than the rest of the country.

Chile had a turbulent and exciting history, from its days in the era of Native Americans to its independence from Spain in 1810. From Ferdinand Magellan's discovery of the southern corridor turning the country’s edge to European invasions and their wars against Native Americans, Chile had a history covered in many books and books.

Santiago, located in the center of the slender country, has been the capital since the first European settlement there was founded in 1541. Although Santiago is the capital, Congress is located in the nearby port city of Valparaiso. Chile's foreign trade market is largely thriving on exports of copper, seafood, forests and wood products.

Country culture shows traits for all its inhabitants, from Inca and Spanish to French and English. The Chileans take pride in their traditions and culture and call their country Pais de Poetas, which means "the land of poets".

Thanks to its breathtaking rich beauty, culture, splendid history and contemporary global outlook, Chile has risen to new heights, just like a condor depicted on the coat of arms of the country.


Argentina Travel Overview

Argentina:
Argentina covers about 1.1 million square miles and is the second-largest country in South America. Due to its unique location, almost any imaginable climate can be found in some parts of the country.

The people of Argentina are known as "Argentinians." The total estimated population is 38.6 million and grows by half every year. The ethnicity of Argentina is 97 percent European and 3 percent non-white. Argentines are overwhelmingly Roman Catholics, with 92 percent of the members of the faith. The primary language used is Spanish, and the literacy rate is 97%. The average life expectancy is 75.8 years.

Historically 

The Europeans arrived in Argentina in 1502 with the arrival of Amerigo Vespucci, the one after whom the Americas were named. The Spanish explorer Juan Díaz de Solis visited what is now Argentina in 1516. Spain followed colonialism 80 years later and established the city of Buenos Aires. In 1816, the colony of Buenos Aires gained independence. The country we now know as Argentina was not founded until 1861.

In the late nineteenth century, Argentina became a favorite for European investment and transition. The country prospered. From 1880 to 1930, Argentina was one of the ten largest richest countries in the world. With this arrangement came advanced infrastructure and a somewhat high standard of living. Unfortunately, things became less prosperous after 1930.

In 1943, the military overthrew the civilian leadership. Juan Byron was one of the military leaders and became the dominant figure in the new government. In 1946, dubious elections led to his rise to the presidency. Despite his role in the coup, Peron strongly pursued policies to empower the working class and raise living standards. His legendary wife, Eva Peron, was adept at generating popular support for her husband.

Juan Byron was later exiled by the military, but then returned as president as the country was shaken by corruption and fraud. Byron died during this second period and uncontrolled chaos existed in Argentina over the next twenty years, as extremist groups fought with the army for power. This period is generally known as the "dirty war" when thousands were killed in the power struggle or just disappeared.

The late 1990s was a horrific economic period for Argentina. The four-year depression led to massive unemployment. The government defaulted on $ 88 billion in debt, the largest debt default in history. But the good news is that things have stabilized in the past four years as the country returns to better times economically and politically. In fact, now is an excellent time to visit.

Travel to Argentina and you will find a beautiful country with a little of everything. From the elegance of Buenos Aires to a one-day trip to Patagonia, Argentina is a major travel destination.


Brazil Travel Overview

Brazil:
Indigenous peoples have lived for a long but indefinite period. European influence began with Pedro Alvares Cabral when he claimed that Brazil was a Portuguese colony in 1500. In an unknown development, Brazil actually became the site of the Portuguese government in 1808 when Napoleon expelled the royal family from Portugal. While in Brazil, the family ruled from Rio de Janeiro until 1821 when they returned to Europe. The move was driven by Brazil's declaration of independence, led by Dom Pedro.

As with many South American countries, Brazil has experienced ups and downs from a political perspective. In 1989, she finally completed the transition to a popularly elected government when Collor de Mello won the popular election. Less than three years later, he was forced to resign under a cloud of corruption charges.

In 2002, Luis Inacio da Silva took over as President. Lula, as is well known, represents a major change in Brazilian politics. He is the first working-class leader.

Brazil covers just under 3.3 million square miles from South America. The climate in Brazil is mostly tropical, especially in light of the Amazon River basin.

With a population of 186 million people, Brazil is the fifth largest country in terms of population in the world and the largest in South America. Despite covering a large area, most residents live in urban cities such as São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte. If you think your site has bad traffic, keep in mind that more than 18 million people live in Greater Sao Paulo!

The people of Brazil are called "Brazilians". With a population of 186 million people, it grows at a rate of 0.1 percent annually. 74 percent of Brazilians consider themselves Roman Catholics. The official language is Portuguese, and the literacy rate is 86%. The average life expectancy is 71.3 years.

Brazil is one of the world's largest hydropower producers. More than 75 percent of its electrical energy is generated through dam projects.

If you are considering visiting Brazil, you should bear in mind that crime can be a problem in certain regions. Use common sense and you will have no problem. Brazil is an explosion, very cheap and very popular as a travel destination.


Bolivia Travel Overview

Bolivia:
Bolivia has two of the largest South American withdrawals: the Andes and the Amazon. The highlands are the wild crown, covered with blinding salt, dusty desert, exhausted volcanoes and raised lakes. These harsh landscapes are quenched with Aymara's colorful clothes, long-eyed llamas and the market hustle in the city square. Down to the valleys, the climate becomes like water, water bursts of brown rocks and scenes transformed into deep green - giving way to the true forest, and traveling travelers in a welcoming cover of heat and humidity after cold, arid Stephano. The oxygen-rich Amazon nourishes the lungs lead from the Andean thin air.
This extreme land is a rugged and rugged response to the glorious Latin American cities and their tourist paths, rewarding those who risk here with glimpses of another world, a bygone era, and magic that tempted explorers and heads of ancient empires. Find out more about what attracts contemporary travelers in Bolivia's travel guide.
Lake Titicaca
The largest lake in South America is located at an altitude of more than 3,800 meters, and it stretches on the border between Peru and Bolivia. The Sol Islands (sun) and luna (moon) are a mixture of Inca ruins. He took a boat to the islands and its inhabitants Aymara. Staying overnight to see one of the breathtaking sunlight you'll ever see -
Pampas
The Amazon rainforest is immense as you can imagine - to experience being in a rainforest. If you want to see wildlife, then you need to move all those annoying trees - and this is where Pampas comes in. In the grassland, anaconda, Kibera, and cayman - abundant - while pink dolphins and ferocious fish are scattered around your boat. Charm.
Sucre
Bolivia's constitutional capital is chaotic in La Paz, yet it cannot be different. Shaded in white, leaves and calm atmosphere, it reminds us of Andalusia, and at an altitude of 2,800 meters, it has an ideal springs-like climate, between the heat of the forest and the Andean freeze. Native markets and culture are still abundant - but so are the nice cafes and beautiful squares.
Tororo National Park
One of Bolivia's smallest parks, Torotoro has remained off the tourist track so far - making its discovery even more impressive. Its treasures are geological, archaeological, and historical, with over 2,500 footprints dinosaurs carved into their karst scenes. A cave large enough to house waterfalls and blind fish; a rich tropical canyon and herds of parrots and parrots.


Peru Travel Overview

Peru:
Historically, Peru has been the site of dominant early cultures in South America. Caral contains pyramidal remains to date back to 2000 to 2600 BC, which could make it the oldest city in the world. Peru is also the home of the Nazca Lines, which are football-sized graphics on Earth that only appear from the air.

The Incas are a mysterious civilization, but one that was clearly dominant during its time. Incas were based in modern Peru. Although not a major city, Machu Picchu is the best archaeological remains of the Incas. It was discovered in 1911.

The Spanish defeated the Inca Empire in 1533, who had controlled for nearly 300 years. In 1821, Peru declared its independence, but it was not able to defeat the Spaniards until 1824. In fact, Peru was the last Spanish colony in South America.

Peru has experienced periods of relative stability and the proximity of the Civil War since its independence. In the late twentieth century, conflicts with the Shining Path and Tupac Amaru rebel groups killed up to 70,000 people. Peru has overcome these conflicts and is experiencing a period of strong stability and economic growth. In a stunning development for patriarchal South America, Peru elected Beatriz Merino as the continent's first female prime minister in 2003.

Peru is an interesting climatic country because it has stunning mountains, flat plains and more than 1500 miles of beaches on the Pacific Ocean. The exact choice of what to take depends on which part of the country you will be visiting. Travel to Lake Titicaca, one of the highest lakes in the world, and you'll need warm clothing. Visit the dry desert in the east of the country, and you'll be dressed exactly the opposite.

Modern Peru has a population of 28 million. Roman Catholics are the dominant language. The literacy rate is approximately 88 percent. After years of conflict, the country has suffered so economically that more than 50 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. With stability returning, this situation is expected to improve.

Peru is one of the most important travel destinations in South America. With the end of the armed conflict, the opportunity to see the Inca ruins should not be missed.


Ecuador Travel Overview

Ecuador:
Beautiful colonial centers featuring postcards, waves from white sand beaches, Quechua villages, the Amazonian rainforests, and the picturesque Andes Mountains - an impressive array of wonders are gathered in this small country.

Cultural splendor
The historic centers of Quito and Cuenca are lined with 17th-century courtyards, churches and monasteries and beautifully restored palaces. Strolling cobbled streets amid the architectural treasures of the Spanish colonial days is a great way to delve deeper into the past. Outside the cities, the Ecuadorian landscape is revealed in all its amazing diversity. There are Andean villages famous for their colorful textiles, sprawling markets, Ecuadorean cities that end their days with meals of fresh seafood and an unforgettable sunset, and distant settlements in the Amazon where shamans still harvest traditional rainforest medications for their ancestors.

Andean adventure
Taking a picnic in the Andes can seem like stepping into a fairy tale: a mixture of small villages, gurgling brooks, and rolling fields and perhaps a condor slowly flying overhead. Although the view from the top is bright, you don't have to climb a mountain to enjoy the Andes. This green landscape creates a great backdrop for mountain biking, horse riding, hiking from one village to another, and sleeping in local guesthouses along the way. Other landscapes in Ecuador offer equally alluring adventures, from narrow surfing off the Pacific coast to white-water rivers on the banks of the forested Oriente River.

You can see wildlife
The Galapagos Islands, famous for its other volcanic landscapes, are a magnet for wildlife lovers. Here, you can get up close and personal with huge mega turtles, fast marine iguanas (the only marine lizard in the world), two-eyed sea lions, dupes with blue feet and a host of other unusual species on land and sea. The Amazon rainforest provides a completely different wildlife viewing experience. Blast off rivers and forest paths, searching for monkeys, sloths, toucans, and river dolphins. Some of the lodges also have covered towers that offer great views (and a better chance to see birdlife). Mindo Cloud Forest is a bird's paradise, and the country has counted more than 1,600 bird species.

Sublime scenery
After days of Ecuadorian adventures, there are many attractions where you can relax in the stunning landscape. Head to the heights to recharge in historic Hacienda, or find a Zen-like beauty at the Cloud Forest Lodge near Mindo. There are timeless peaceful mountain villages like Vilcabamba and picturesque former gold mining cities like Zaruma that provide the perfect antidote to the arduous rush of modern life. For the coastal sanctuary, you will have plenty of options, from small end-of-road settlements like Ayampe and Olón to the charming cities of Galápagos, with gorgeous beaches and gorgeous sunsets.



Venezuela:
Venezuela, home to some of the most amazing landscapes of South America, is facing a terrible picture problem right now. Excessive inflation has drastically reduced living standards and issues related to the provision of basic commodities, while personal safety, especially in Caracas, is worse than anywhere else on the continent. Thousands of its citizens have fled the country and spread throughout South America (more than two million people are estimated to have left since 2014). While the visit can be incredibly cheap due to the black market value of the dollar/euro, safety is a major concern.

Some countries of the world enjoy this degree of natural beauty: Andean peaks, the Caribbean coast, enchanting islands, grassy wildlife, the Orinoco Delta and the highest waterfall in the world, Angel Falls. We cannot recommend traveling here at this time, but we do hope that the future holds amazing tourism potential.


Colombia Travel Overview

Colombia:
Colombia first colonized Colombia in 1525. Full independence was proclaimed in 1813. In 1819, a Greater Colombia was formed that includes the countries of modern-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. This conglomerate collapsed somewhat quickly.

In 1978, political disputes and corruption led rebel groups to pursue violent rebel attempts. The main groups were the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Democratic Alliance / M-19 (M-19). These two entities then launched a civil war against the federal government, often taking control of parts of the country. Since 2000, rebel groups have lost much of their capacity and no major attacks have occurred.

Beginning in the late 1970s, the cocaine industry became large in Colombia. Cartels were formed to control production and became rich and powerful in the late 1980s. The government's efforts to control the cartels opened up massive violence and corruption. In the late 1990s, huge cartels were dismantled. Cocaine is not actually produced, it is only controlled by smaller, more conservative gangs.

The official name of the country is the Republic of Colombia. With an area of ​​approximately 440,000 square miles, Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America. The capital is Bogotá and has a population of just over 7 million people. Other major population areas include the cities of Medellin, Cali, and Cartagena. The terrain in Colombia varies from rugged mountains to the coast on the Pacific Ocean to flat grasslands. Temperatures are generally warm and humid except for colder climates in the upper mountain regions.

The people of Colombia are known as the Colombians. The total population is just over 46 million, with a growth rate of just under 2 percent annually. Roman Catholics are the dominant religious faith and Spanish is the language. Literacy rates are 93 percent in urban areas and 67 percent in rural areas. The life expectancy of a Colombian man is 69 years and 75 for a Colombian woman. The ethnic breakdown is primarily Mestizo in 58 percent of the population followed by whites with 20 percent, mulatto in 14 percent and blacks in four percent.

As these facts reveal in Colombia, the country is going through an enormous period of destabilization, where drugs and gang warfare are a crushing problem. Only the future will reveal whether or not Colombia will withdraw from chaos.

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